வியாழன், ஜூன் 12, 2014

ஈழத்தில் பாலியல் வன்கொடுமை - கட்டாய விபச்சாரம்: தமிழ்ப் பெண்களைக் காக்க ஐநா வலியுறுத்தல்!

ஈழத்தில் போரின் காரணமாக இடம்பெயர்ந்த மக்கள் எதிர்கொள்கின்ற சவால்கள் மற்றும் பெண்கள் எதிர்கொள்கின்ற நெருக்கடிகள் ஆகியவை குறித்த அறிக்கையை ஐ.நாவின் மனித உரிமை மற்றும் இடம்பெயர் மக்களுக்கான சிறப்பு பிரதிநிதி சலோகா பியானி இன்று (12.06.2016) ஜெனீவா மனித உரிமைப் பேரவையில் சமர்ப்பித்துள்ளார். 

இலங்கைக்கு நேரில் பயணம் மேற்கொண்ட சலோகா பியானி (Mr. Chaloka Beyani) இலங்கையில் புலம்பெயர் மக்களின் அவல நிலையையும், குறிப்பாக பெண்கள் பாலியல் வன்கொடுமைகளுக்கு ஆளாவதையும், கட்டாய விபச்சரத்தையும் சுட்டிக்காட்டியுள்ளதுடன், இக்குற்றச்செயலில் ஈடுபடும் இலங்கைப் படையினர் தண்டிக்கப்படுவது இல்லை என்பதையும் குறிப்பிட்டுள்ளார்.

ஐநா அறிக்கை மற்றும் அதற்கு இலங்கை அரசின் மறுப்பினை பின்வரும் இணைப்பில் Download செய்யலாம்:

1. ஐநா அறிக்கை: A/HRC/26/33/Add.4 Mission to Sri  Lanka

2. இலங்கை அரசின் மறுப்பு: A/HRC/26/33/Add.6 Mission to Sri Lanka: comments by the State on the report of the Special Rapporteur

அவரது அறிக்கையின் பரிந்துரைகள் கீழே:
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons
- Chaloka Beyani -Mission to Sri Lanka

"Houses built to relocate single women headed households in the north are often isolated and some are incomplete, making women continuously vulnerable to attacks and sexual violence, including reported forced prostitution by elements of the military...The Special Rapporteur acknowledges that the State bears the primary responsibility under international human rights law to ensure that all allegations of acts of violence, including acts of sexual violence and forced prostitution, are investigated, prosecuted and punished (para 52)". 

"Conclusions and recommendations"

54. The Special Rapporteur’s visit to Sri Lanka took place over four and a half years after the end of the armed conflict between the Government and the LTTE. Since the end of the armed conflict, the Government has made significant progress, together with national and international partners, to facilitate the return or relocation of some 760,000 IDPs. It is important to ensure that the tens of thousands for whom durable solutions have not yet been found do not stay in limbo but find solutions to their plight. The Special Rapporteur believes that significant efforts are required by the Government to find durable solutions, ensuring a voluntary and informed process, and invites both humanitarian and development partners to work together with national and local authorities to ensure that the livelihoods of IDPs, relocated persons and returnees are restored. The Special Rapporteur encourages the Government to invite international partners to assist in promoting the protection of IDPs and others in search of durable solutions. The Special Rapporteur also wishes to emphasize the need for reconciliation, justice, healing and in particular, the need to bring the perpetrators of violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law to justice in order to ensure accountability for wrongs committed to IDPs during and after displacement. 

55. In the spirit of cooperation extended to him during his visit, the Special Rapporteur looks forward to continuing dialogue with the Government of Sri Lanka and offers the following conclusions and recommendations. 

56. Concerning an effective national response, the Special Rapporteur recommends that the Government:

• Implement the recommendations of the LLRC, particularly chapter 5 on human rights generally and with regard to IDPs, and chapter 6 on land issues, return and resettlement;

• Implement the National Action Plan for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, particularly the goal of developing a broad-based national policy on internal displacement which takes into account all forms of displacement, conflict, natural disasters and economic development, drawing on the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement and the IASC Framework on Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons;

• In collaboration with international partners, significantly revise the current draft Framework for Resettlement Policy to make it a comprehensive policy on internal displacement, including on durable solutions, in line with the recommendations of the LLRC, the National Action Plan for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, the comprehensive 2008 draft IDP bill, the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement and the IASC Framework on Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons, with clear benchmarks for durable solutions to ensure a transparent process and reinforce credibility; 

• Undertake a comprehensive needs assessment of all areas that have historically hosted IDPs, that is, the Northern, Eastern, North-Western and North-Central Provinces, and consider the needs of communities hosting IDPs, in partnership with local civil society organizations and international partners;

• Given that the conflict has ended, reassess the role of the military in maintaining national security, in compliance with international human rights law, and balance it with the right of IDPs to enjoy freedom of movement and choice of residence. based on necessity, as prescribed by law in the pursuit of national security as a legitimate aim, and proportionality or reasonable measures to ensure freedom of movement and choice of residence by IDPs;

• Provide IDPs with transparent information on the plans for the phased withdrawal of the military from certain areas, and provide adequate compensation and resettlement to those who may not return to their original lands;

• Resolve issues relating to land property by legislative measures with regard to competing claims over title, ownership, use and occupation; 

• Protect single women headed households, and protect women in the north against sexual violence and enforced prostitution; 

• Ensure that IDPs are not subject to attacks, harassment, intimidation, persecution or any other form of punitive action upon return to their home communities or settlement elsewhere in the country, and ensure that they can enjoy their freedom of movement;

• Ensure that IDPs, returnees and relocated persons enjoy equal and non-discriminatory access to education, health services, livelihoods, land, property rights and equality before the law;

• Establish modalities enabling IDPs, returnees and relocated persons to access their land in the former High Security Zones and to be provided with adequate information on their prospects of regaining access to their land so that they can assess their options and make informed choices;

• Ensure that the commission appointed to investigate reports of missing persons complies with recognized international standards, works in consultation with the families of missing persons, extends its coverage to including missing persons/disappearances since May 2009, and makes its finding and recommendations public;

• Invite the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances to Sri Lanka pursuant to principles 16 and 17 of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement;

• Ensure that all human rights violations of a criminal nature committed against IDPs, returnees and relocated persons are subject to criminal investigation and that the alleged perpetrators are brought to justice;

• Enable proper working conditions without intimidation for NGOs and civil society organizations working with IDPs and returnees in the north and the east;

• Address impunity of security personnel in relation to offences against civilians.

57. The Special Rapporteur recommends that, with the support of international donors, international humanitarian and development actors: 

• Support the Joint Needs Assessment and enable the Government to carry out a comprehensive profiling exercise of the numbers of IDPs, relocated persons and returnees, as well as a survey of intention of IDPs and their needs linked to livelihoods, housing, land and property;

• Ensure that development plans include programmes for durable solutions based on the specific needs of IDPs, relocated persons and returnees, using a rights-based approach and ensuring the participation of IDPs in decision-making, and also include IDPs in their general poverty alleviation and other relevant programmes and the monitoring thereof.

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